Holodomor banner

 

Sections:

Background

General Resources

K-6 Resources

Older Students

Video

Introduction

In 2008, the Government of Ukraine, the United States Senate, the Senate of Canada, and the United Nations joined more than 40 other jurisdictions around the world to officially condemn the Holodomor or recognize it as genocide. That same year, Saskatchewan was the first province in Canada to recognize the genocide, unanimously passing legislation that designates the fourth Saturday in November each year as Ukrainian Famine and Genocide (Holodomor) Memorial Day. Alberta, Manitoba, Ontario and Quebec have since passed similar legislation.

Our schools commemorate this tragic event in November through various whole school and classroom based student engagement.

To help schools observe this tragic historical event, whole school and classroom materials are available and posted through the above links

There are many school districts and governments in Canada that provide various materials for teachers and students and they are encouraged to research Holodomor beyond what is provided here.  We gratefully acknowledge the many shared resources and their creators.

The official site for Holodomor is the Ukrainian Canadian Congress at http://www.ucc.ca/programs/committees/national-holodomor-education/

 

Holodomor

Holodomor remains as the greatest mass murder of civilians undertaken during peace time. Despite this infamy, Holodomor is still a little known and little understood event.

Holodomor is a Ukrainian word with two parts:  Holod, which means hunger, and moryty, which means a slow, cruel death.  Adding to this tragedy is that outside of Ukraine, little was known about Holodomor, and even inside Ukraine, to speak of this event was forbidden.

The plan behind Holodmor was calculated and deliberate: for collectivization to be successful in Ukraine, the breadbasket of Europe, independent farmers had to be eliminated.  Beginning in 1932, all food was removed by Soviet police and soldiers from targeted areas of Ukraine, and Ukraine’s borders were sealed, denying people the opportunity to search for food.  At the height of the genocide, 25,000 people per day were dying from starvation.  Once the campaign of engineered famine was completed, Ukraine’s religious, artistic, intellectual and political leaders were arrested, deported or executed.  The russification of Ukraine followed.

For decades the Soviet government tried to conceal the atrocities it committed from the rest of the world.  In Ukraine under the Soviets, any mention of the Holodomor was considered a crime against the state and subject to imprisonment, exile or execution.  However, after the fall of the Soviet Union in 1991, the once highly classified documents of the Soviet government and communist party were opened up to researchers.  Holodomor has been documented in detail by many historians and eyewitness accounts have been gathered, revealing the magnitude and the deliberate intentions of the genocide.  Some of the eyewitness accounts have been gathered from survivors currently living in Edmonton.

That Holodomor was genocide is supported by incontrovertible facts established through examination of archival documents, eyewitness accounts and demographic analysis:

  • farmers’ seed grain was taken from them and then all food was removed from Ukraine’s villages
  • villages that did not cooperate were blacklisted, that is, these villages were surrounded by secret police, all food was removed, and anyone who tried to flee was executed
  • Ukraine was the only Soviet republic where borders were sealed, denying starving people the opportunity to search for food
  • The Famine Genocide targeted Ukraine as well as the Kuban region in Russia, which was predominantly settled by ethnic Ukrainians. 
  • Ukraine experienced a sizable loss in population while the rest of the Soviet Union showed population growth in the 1930’s.  Demographic studies have shown a disproportionate loss of life in Ukraine during the 1930s compared to other parts of the Soviet Union.

Following the mass-famine was a very deliberate campaign of “russification”.  The Ukrainian Orthodox Church, predominant in eastern Ukraine where Holodomor was most widespread, was destroyed,  priests were exiled or executed and overnight, Ukrainian Orthodox churches were reduced to rubble. Ukrainian intellectuals and artists were exiled or executed and the Ukrainian language and culture were suppressed.

Saskatchewan Catholic Schools joins the governments of Canada, Alberta, Manitoba, Saskatchewan, Ontario and Quebec in establishing a Holodomor Memorial Day as a way of paying tribute to the millions who died.  Saskatchewan, Alberta and Manitoba also include Holodomor as a mandatory topic to be taught in their curriculum.

General Resources

 

K-6 Resources

See Marsha Skrypuch’s book “Enough!”

Enough

Grade Reflection Power Point
K Reflection ppt 
1 Reflection ppt
2 Reflection ppt
3 Reflection ppt
4 Reflection ppt
5 Reflection ppt
6 Reflection ppt

Prayer for the Starving – Elementary version

Elementary – longer lesson, resources and activities document

Teaching the Holodomor – a guide.

 

Older Student resources

 

newsNewspaper Articles

 

Video

Some viewers may be disturbed by these videos – discretion is advised

Teachers and adults, watch first to determine suitability – Not for elementary students.

Harvest of Despair

 

Soviet Story (trailer):